Giuseppe Spinelli



Atrophy of the maxilla

Process characterized by the volume reduction of the mandible and the maxilla which invariably accompanies the loss of the dental elements.


Collection of pus localized due to a process of suppuration, generated deep into tissues or organs.


Benign epithelial tumor in which the cells assume the appearance of typical glandular structures or in which cells are derived from glandular cells.


The term hamartoma indicates a proliferating non-neoplastic lesion, development error of tissues of the region in which it originates. It is composed of a jumble of normal tissues in which predominate one or more cellular components.


Cancer in which cells tend to form lymphatics (lymphangioma) or blood vessels (hemangioma).


Formation of a skin fold from the upper eyelid due to dermis atrophy and subcutaneous tissue relaxation, it can result in difficulty of upward visioning.

Blepharoptosis (palpebral ptosis)

Fall of the upper eyelid, caused by an eyelid injury or a central or by a peripheral nerve injury.


The outer part of the eye (outer canthus: towards the ear; inner canthus: towards the nose).

Canthopexy (canthal suspension)

Surgical procedure of the eye surrounding which can be taken into consideration in a case of complete blepharoplasty. Outer canthal suspension: procedure that prevents collapse of the outer edge of the lower eyelid.


Resolving imperfections of the lips as abnormalities in shape or volume.


Benign tumor consisting in a cavity filled with liquid.

Craniosynostosis, Craniofaciostenosi

Congenital malformation characterized by the premature welding of the sutures presented between the bones that make up the vault of the skull and the anterior cranial base.


Deep layer of the skin.


Presence of load imbalances in dental occlusion.


Eyelids facing outwards.


Eyelids facing inwards.


Increase in the extracellular fluid in the extravascular compartment.


Surface layer of the skin.


Bony protuberances originated at the cortical bone and rarely from the cancellous bone, interesting mainly the jaws.


Collection of pus within existing body cavities.

Nasal hump

Hump on the bridge of the nose.

Bone grafting

Transfer to a recipient bed of bone tissue taken from a donor.


Increase in the distance between two parts of the body (tissues or organs). The worst affected are eyes and breasts.


Increasing the volume of an organ due to a volume increase of individual cells that compose it.


Increasing the volume of an organ due to an increase in the number of cells composing it.


Reduction of the volume of an organ due to a volume reduction of individual cells composing it.


Reduction of the volume of an organ linked to an increase in the number of cells composing it.


Procedure to fill depressions or hollows in areas of the face such as cheekbones, jaws or deep furrows on the sides of the nose and sunken eye sockets. Consists of injections of small amounts of fat taken (during the same session) from other parts of the body of the same patient.


Procedure to increase the volume of cheekbones or change its shape. One can implement through implants insertion of biocompatible material or through absorbable or permanent fillers injection (LIPOFILLING).


Altered closure of the teeth. May be due to an insufficient alignment of the teeth themselves in the dental arch or for a discrepancy of the maxillary bone bases.


Circumscribed swelling of a tissue or organ due to an abnormal accumulation of mucous secretions (salivary glands, paranasal sinuses).


Morphological changes in a living tissue as consequence to the death of cells composing it.


Bone and bone marrow inflammation.


Necrosis of bone tissue.


Congenital malformation of the soft or hard and soft palate with a formation of a slit that connects the oral to the nasal cavity.